Herbaceous perennials

Herbaceous perennials are ornamental plants which survive for many years.

They put on leafy growth and flower during the spring, summer and autumn, then die back to their roots over-winter. In the following spring season, they grow above ground again.

Some herbaceous perennials may be evergreen or semi-evergreen if the winter is mild, or in more temperate and sheltered climates.

 

Many favourite and popular garden plants for the flower border are herbaceous perennials; for example, Geraniums and Heuchera.

Heuchera 'obsidian', Geranium macrorrhizum 'spessart', planting design, ground cover plants, front garden, bromley, plews garden design

 

A lot of ‘cottage garden’ plants are also herbaceous perennials, Aquilegia (Granny’s bonnets) for example.

aquilegia - white

 

There are some plants which are often referred to as herbaceous perennials which do maintain a permanent foliage and stem above ground, such as Lamium (dead nettle) and Dianthus (cottage garden pinks). These are more properly small, short lived perennials.

carnation, elizabethan garden, kenilworth castle


Chartered Institute of Horticulture